In 1949, Germany is still a country under occupation. The Cold War being a hard reality, the Soviet Union continues to prevent supplies from arriving in West Berlin. With the help of the gigantic “Berlin airlift“, the USA, Great Britain and France – the Western Allied Forces – ensure the survival of the city until the lift of the “Berlin Blockade“ in May.
In both western and eastern Germany, preparations are underway for the foundation of two sovereign states to be officially established in Bonn and East Berlin (in May and October, respectively). This marks the beginning of the coexistence of the two German states “Federal Republic of Germany“ and “German Democratic Republic“.
What else happened?
In the first election to the Bundestag, Konrad Adenauer of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) is elected the first Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany.
Otto Grotewohl becomes the first Prime Minister of the GDR.
During the first Carnival season after World War II, 800000 spectators line the streets of Cologne enjoying a little bit of exuberance in their otherwise hard everyday lives.