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During the last months of World War II, 13 million Germans had been forced to leave their homeland. In post-war Germany, every fifth inhabitant is a displaced person. Consequently, the integration of refugees is one of the country’s major tasks. In 1950, tens of thousands of citizens of German origin are still returning from the former German settlements. In East and West Germany alike, they are not always welcomed.

West Germany’s national football team plays its first international match. In contrast, the GDR suffers a great loss when, together with the complete football team of the city of Dresden, the later West German football coach, Helmut Schön, leaves the GDR.

What else happened?

Food ration cards are abolished in West Germany.

The department store “KaDeWe“ – short for “Kaufhaus des Westens“ – reopens in West Berlin and becomes a symbol of West German prosperity.

Walter Ulbricht, Secretary-General of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), announces the GDR’s first five year plan.

The so-called potato beetle war between East and West causes a stir.

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