Seven years after the end of World War II, rearmament is an increasing concern in Germany causing tens of thousands of people to take to the streets. Not only left-wing groups voice their opposition. A young man is killed by a policeman’s bullet during a protest march in Essen.
With the lift of the Occupation Statute, and at the cost of being firmly integrated into the Western system, West Germany becomes a sovereign state. Ever more visible, the inner German border, a 5 km-wide restricted zone created by the GDR, now divides the two German states.
What else happened?
The goal of “Building Socialism“ is professed in the GDR. The “Stalinallee“ boulevard in East Berlin serves as a showcase project.
The island of Helgoland is restored to the West German authorities by the British.
The so-called Stalin Note dominates political discussion for months.
West German television begins regular broadcasting.