“Fight nuclear death” is the motto of 100.000 demonstrators in Hamburg who protest against the nuclear armament of the West German Bundeswehr as planned by the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) after lengthy debates and against vehement parliamentary opposition. Nuclear missiles are already ordered when NATO decides that the Western Allies alone are entitled to dispose of nuclear weapons within the Federal Republic of Germany.
In November, the Soviet party leader Khrushchev causes an uproar by demanding that the Western Allies withdraw from Berlin within six months. His threat, however, goes up in smoke as the USA, Great Britain and France insist on the Four Power Agreement on Berlin.
What else happened?
Food ration cards are abolished in East Germany.
The Central Card-Index for Traffic Offences is established in Flensburg.
The GDR government presses ahead with the collectivisation of agriculture, causing numerous East German farmers to flee to the West.
Italy is becoming the prime destination for West German holiday-makers.