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1991

In everyday life, the unification process proves onerous. Many Germans begin to feel disillusioned. Unable to compete economically, former GDR enterprises are taken over by the newly founded Treuhand privatisation agency. As a result, enterprises are shut down on a large scale, causing mass unemployment.

In April, the last “Trabant“ rolls off the assembly line at the car factory in Zwickau. During a visit to the city of Halle, Chancellor Kohl gets to feel the peoples‘ frustration. Eggs and tomatoes start flying while he is shaking hands in front of the townhall. Infuriated, the chancellor engages in a brawl with the protesters.

An important decision is made in June: by a tight majority vote, the Bundestag agrees to move the seat of government from Bonn to Berlin.

What else happened?

For the first time, GDR soldiers are brought to trial for having killed fugitives at the Berlin Wall. They are sentenced to suspended prison sentences.

The manager of the Treuhand privatisation agency, Detlev Karsten Rohwedder, is killed by terrorists of the Red Army Faction (RAF).

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